Back-to-School Fuel: A blueprint for healthy eating

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BOSTON—(Editor’s note: From time to time we publish articles from various sources that we think are helpful to our readers and their families. The current article is reprinted from Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health’s The Nutrition Source newsletter about healthy eating for children. Text and graphics courtesy: Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health)

If you are a parent or caregiver, you’ve likely tackled the back-to-school list: new supplies, sneakers, backpack, and lunch box. How about what goes into that lunch box?  Amidst hectic school-year schedules, here are some tips to make sure healthy packed meals aren’t an afterthought.

A blueprint for healthy eating

Lunchbox graphic with the Kid's Healthy Eating PlateThe Kid’s Healthy Eating Plate was created as a fun and easy guide to encourage children to eat well and keep moving. The plate guidelines emphasize variety and quality in food choices.

The formula is simple: Fill half your plate (or lunch box) with colorful fruits or vegetables (aim for two to three different types). Fill about one-quarter with whole grains like whole grain pasta, brown rice, or quinoa, and the remaining quarter with healthy proteins like beans, nuts, fish or chicken. Healthy fats and a small amount of dairy (if desired) round out a tasty meal that will fuel an active, healthy lifestyle.

When packing your child’s lunches, let the Kid’s Healthy Eating Plate guide and inspire you. Remember two points: choices and presentation.

CHOICES

  1. Choose any 1 fresh fruit. For example: grapes, apple slices or rings, any melon chunks (cantaloupe, honeydew, watermelon), any berries (strawberries, blueberries, raspberries), or banana slices.
  2. Choose any 2 vegetables. For example: carrot coins or sticks, cucumber, broccoli, bell pepper strips, asparagus spears, summer squash ribbons, or grape tomatoes.
  3. Choose any 1 healthy protein. For example: Beans, edamame, nuts, seeds, peanut butter, hummus, veggie burger, roasted turkey or chicken slices, or a hardboiled egg.
  4. Choose any 1 whole grain. For example: whole-grain pasta, bread, and crackers, brown rice, steel cut oats, and other minimally-processed whole grains.
  5. Incorporating dairy (if desired). For example: unflavored milk, plain Greek yogurt, small amounts of cheese like cottage cheese, and string cheese. For dairy-free options, try soy milk and soy yogurt, which contain similar amounts of calcium, protein, and vitamin D as dairy milk.

PRESENTATION

  1. Kabobs: Cut fruits, vegetables and proteins into cubes or small balls and insert onto a skewer with rounded or blunt edges.
  2. Bento boxes: Lunch boxes that contain several small divided containers are great for portion control, keeping foods separate (if kids prefer foods not touching), and encouraging a variety of foods.
  3. Themes:
    • Mexican = beans and brown rice, whole grain tortilla chips, homemade guacamole or salsa made with diced tomatoes, avocado, and cilantro.
    • Chinese = chicken strips and broccoli florets served with brown rice and low-sodium soy dipping sauce.
    • Pizza = whole grain pita or crackers, grape tomatoes and bell peppers, mozzarella string cheese, chicken slices.
    • Green = edamame, cucumber coins, butter lettuce rolled in a spinach wrap spread with mashed ripe avocado. Sprinkle sunflower seeds or nuts for extra crunch and nutrients.
    • Eat a Rainbow = red grape tomatoes, orange hummus, yellow cheese, green cucumbers and bell peppers, blueberries, purple grapes.
  4. Shapes: Cut sandwiches into triangles or smaller squares, or use cookie cutters. Mini cookie cutters can transform apples, watermelon, or cantaloupe into juicy heart or star shapes. A vegetable peeler makes elegant ribbons of any firm long vegetable. Carefully use a knife to cut sticks of carrot or bell pepper.Watermelon slice with cut out shapes

MEAL PREP TIPS

  • Choose a day that you are less busy to wash and chop fruits and vegetables, and prepare batches of healthy proteins like chicken, eggs, and beans. If you don’t have time for this, don’t feel guilty about purchasing pre-chopped and washed produce, pre-cooked chicken, or canned beans in the supermarket (but be on the lookout for added sodium in prepared foods, and rinse and drain canned beans).
  • Have kids participate in food prep! Younger children can help to wash fruits and vegetables. Older children can learn how to use a knife on softer foods.
  • Have children pack their lunch boxes the night before. Display choices of protein, vegetable, fruit, etc. and let them create their own meals based on the Kid’s Healthy Eating Plate.
  • For younger children, include finger foods that do not need utensils.
  • Search “kids lunch ideas” online for endless inspiration on how to fill your child’s lunch box with healthy food.
  • If you’re not packing a lunch, food provided by the school is also a great option, as a result of stronger standards. For more information on school meals and snacks, see Why School Meals Matter.

Super snacks

a cup of yogurt and blueberries      apples and roasted spiced chickpeas  Golden raisins and mixed nuts
Snacks are meant to fill the gap between meals, not become a whole meal in itself. Keep snacks small. An easy rule of thumb for a satisfying snack is to pair a protein-rich food with a carb-rich food. Including a healthy fat will quiet hunger pangs even more. Depending on the child’s age and activity level, they may need one or two snacks a day.

Examples:

  • ¼ cup nuts, 1 cup shredded mini whole wheat squares (with no added sugar)
  • Apple slices, ½ cup chickpeas roasted in olive oil and spices [get the recipe]
  • ¼ cup sunflower seeds or nuts, ¼ cup dried apricots, cherries, or raisins (with no added sugar)
  • String cheese, 1 cup of grapes
  • ½ cup blueberries or strawberries, 5 ounces of plain Greek yogurt,
  • Peanut, almond, or sunflower seed butter spread on a small 100% whole-wheat pita
  • Carrot sticks or sliced veggies, hummus

For more tasty snack and meal recipes, visit the Food, Fun & Family Recipe Packet created by the Harvard Prevention Research Center on Nutrition and Physical Activity.

Go for Water

Don’t forget to pack a water bottle for refilling throughout the school day. Water is not only the best choice, but a necessary one. It restores fluids lost through everyday tasks of breathing, sweating, and even digesting meals. It keeps the body’s temperature normal on hot days and carries nutrients and oxygen to all cells. It is free of calories, sugar, and caffeine to help maintain a healthy weight. Beyond plain water, flavored and unsweetened seltzer or fruit-infused waters are also great healthy beverage choices.

Water bottle with raspberries and limes

Fluid needs vary based on a child’s age, size, gender, and activity level. The National Academy of Sciences recommends a range of seven to 14 cups of water per day, with the lower end for toddlers and the higher end for teenage boys. Part of this amount can come from water-rich foods like fruits and vegetables. Only when your child participates in vigorous sports lasting long periods of time (over one hour) should sports drinks be considered to supplement water. In this case you may consider making your own sports drink by mixing one quart (32 ounces) of water, 1/8-1/4 teaspoon of salt, and two ounces of 100% orange juice or plain coconut water.

Sugary drinks are a major contributor to the rise in obesity and type 2 diabetes in children. The American Heart Association recently recommended that children and teens consume less than 25 grams, or six teaspoons of added sugar per day, and sugary drinks should be limited to no more than eight ounces per week. See How Sweet Is It? to compare the sugar content of leading commercial beverages.

Healthy kids and healthy families

When creating healthy and balanced meals for kids, don’t forget to do the same for the rest of the family. With a primary focus on diet quality, The Kid’s Healthy Eating Plate reflects the same important messages as the Healthy Eating Plate. Download both and post them on the refrigerator for a daily reminder to make the best eating choices!

Mexican-themed lunch with guacamole, brown rice, beans, watermelon, and flavored water

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