US Supreme Court to take up college reservation adversely impacting Indians

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NEW YORK–The US Supreme Court is set to take up this week a case challenging the legality of reservations based on race in colleges and university admissions that adversely impact the Indian diaspora.

US Supreme Court (Photo: Wikipedia)
US Supreme Court (Photo: Wikipedia)

The case questions the use of race as a criterion for admission by Texas University in affirmative action programmes saying it violates the constitutional guarantee of equality for all. Universities say they are meant to help disadvantaged communities like those of African Americans, Latinos and Native Americans and to ensure diversity. The use of race in admissions sometimes turn into racial quotas similar to caste-based reservations in India and hurt Indian Americans and other Asians.

Indians, along with other Asians, are treated as the equivalent of a most-forward community and are therefore affected even more than whites when quotas are used by universities. The universities assert that quotas or similar affirmative action programmes are needed to ensure diversity in the student body.

Because of this Asians have been required by some of the top universities to score much higher than whites in the Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT), a common entrance exam, which is one of the determinants of admission. This is meant to prevent the student body being dominated by Asians, who get higher SAT scores and school grades.

If the Supreme Court prohibits using race as a factor for admissions in the Texas case, more high-scoring Indians and other Asians will be able to enter Ivy League and other elite universities purely on their merit.

The case that the Supreme Court is to hear was brought by a white woman who said the use of race violated her right to equality guaranteed by the US Constitution as many who ranked lower than her were admitted while she was turned away.

Indian diaspora organisations, along with other Asian groups, have complained to the federal government about what they said was the discrimination faced by students from their communities in admissions to Harvard University.

Community leader Thomas Abraham told IANS, “Our children compared to white students have to be much ahead to get admission. Even if they are at the top of the class and have outstanding extracurricular activity record, they still face discrimination in admission.” He added, “My own daughter felt this when she applied to colleges.”

This was because universities were using intangible ways of grading to eliminate qualified students from Asian communities, he said. “We only want that the most qualified students should be admitted on the basis of uniform criteria and the right to equality guaranteed by the Constitution,” he added.

Abraham is the founder-president of the Global Organisation of Persons of Indian Origin, a former president of the National Federation of Indian-American Associations and a board member of the American Society of Engineers of Indian Origin. These three organisations, along with the BITS Sindri Alumni Association of North India, were signatories to the complaint against Harvard, which was seen as the starting point in their campaign to deal with the problem in all institutions.

The complaint said, “Many Asian-American students who have almost perfect SAT scores, top 1 percent GPAs (grade point average), plus significant awards or leadership positions in various extracurricular activities have been rejected by Harvard University and other Ivy League Colleges while similarly situated applicants of other races have been admitted.”

It cited a study by a Princeton University academic that found Asian-American students had to score 140 points more in the SAT than whites for admission to some elite universities.

The Federal Office of Civil Rights dismissed the complaint because it said a federal case on similar grounds was filed last year by another group, Students for Fair Admissions (SFFA), against Harvard and its outcome will be binding. That group has also filed a similar case against the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Harvard University has asked the court hearing the case against it to delay the proceedings till the Supreme Court decides on the Texas University case. Therefore, Supreme Court ruling will determine how Indian-American and other Asian-American students are treated in college and university admissions.

Quotas were used in first half of the last century against Jews because of their high academic performance compared to that of Christians. In its court filing SFFA accused Harvard of “using racial classifications” for “the same brand of invidious discrimination against Asian Americans that it formerly used to limit the number of Jewish students in its student body.”

4 COMMENTS

  1. Domestic issues affecting Indian Americans like
    Invisible quotas in admissions to institutions of higher learning
    Glass ceiling for bright of the brightest women
    Jobs promotions
    Participation in public services as good citizens in adapted land etc are the topics
    which are issues of time .
    Hopefully apart from the inherent passion to help the needy in India we should spend some time and thoughts for the future of younger generations —
    Invisible quotas in college admissions is a topic where every parents have a feeling
    Why not my child and what can J do to make a difference . Perception or truth will come from Supreme Court
    Eagerly waiting to see decision
    Dinesh

  2. As a 2nd generation Indian raised in the Midwest, I was deemed a black sheep when the Ivy League rejection post cards came rolling in roughly 20 years ago.
    My father told me he made a mistake, and that I should have been raised in India because of my failure to gain acceptance in to these name brand colleges.
    As time has passed and my journey in life continues, I have met Ivy league grads and see the pride they have in their alumna status of their name-brand institutions granting them a nice, healthy self-esteem. This is great. However, I don’t know if their education actually has them any smarter than myself.
    Because I am not an Ivy League graduate myself, I am behooved to wonder, what is the importance of these private, name-brand institutions? Is it for Asian parents and others to smirk at each other? Is it a symbol for the American working class to aspire to attain to be free of their title of “working-class?” Is it a place to make sure the wealthy stay wealthy with the mask that they are harder working and more intelligent than everyone else?
    In regards to the last question, I believe that once the economic divides of this country stop, the power of the Ivy League brands will stop. The racist divides that separate white people and the different factions of people of color will also stop. Perhaps, the insecurity that Asians can face of not getting in to Havard, will also stop. Letting people in based on their merit alone, may be a good way to stop this problem, or it just may add to the mental illness and suicide numbers within the communities that deem their rejected children black sheep. I do not know.

  3. Hi
    This response although coming from reality of personal experience can be looked upon by many as Political apathy for the righteousness cause
    This kinds of less assertiveness or lack of Chutzpah is what is preventing the progress of the bright of the bright students and other cause.
    Let us not side strap or dilute the topic
    Do meritocracy play a role in the growth and development of a child who wants to go the institution of higher learning regardless of where.
    Meritocracy and acceptance of inclusion of those who were left behind as well as diversity of inclusion is what is all about in admissions process to temples of education .
    Value of Race, religion, nationality of birth, gender, economically deprived or underserved and the philanthropists as well as the mission of the institution plays a role in such policy.
    Hopefully Supreme court will correct this perception and bring about changes as the best way.
    One thing is getting to be certain and that may be perception as well and that is lack of philanthropy and political apathy on our part .Let us also be part of good citizenry and participate more vigorously in domestic issues affecting all and be heard.
    I appreciate very much the comment made by M and hopefully debate and discussions take place so we all learn and try to be helpful to this great nation .

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